to be an incarnation of Shri Dattatreya the name of this spiritual
master, popularly called Swami Samarth, is a household word in Maharashtra
and the region around. As this Perfect Master chose to reside at
a place called Akkalkot for 22 years where he took Mahasamadhi (left
his mortal body) in 1878, he is also known as the Maharaj of Akkalkot,
Akkalkot is situated in district Solapur of Maharashtra state of
For the devotees of Shri Shirdi Sai Baba, it would be inspiring
to learn about the life and deeds of 'Swami Samarth'. A comparative
picturisation of the lives of these two great Saints, i.e. Swami
Samarth and Shri Sai Baba of Shirdi would establish a surprising
amount of commonness in their lives and deeds which includes their
methods of teaching, the universality of their approach and the
miracles they performed. Even a critical approach by a non-conformist
would ultimately lead to the assertion that the over-all role of
these two spiritual masters during the second half of the nineteenth
century was similar, if not same. One, who is capable of making
finer spiritual analysis, would be faced with a bewildering reality.
The reality is that Swami Samarth and Shri Shirdi Sai Baba were
the manifestations of the same Divine Spirit in two gross bodies.
Many published writings on both these Saints by different writers
authenticate about the interaction between these two Sadgurus both
in the gross, and the subtle planes. Just before Mahasamadhi, Swami
Samrath advised one of his disciples to worship Shri Sai at Shirdi
saying that he (the Swami Samarth) would stay at Shirdi in future.
The early life of Swami Samarth like that of Shri Shirdi Sai Baba
is shrouded with mystery. For that matter, even Shri Shirdi Sai
Baba's advent and early life has not been established. Yet it does
not really matter for those who have faith in Him and continue to
experience his benevolence in different ways. How does it matter
if Christ was born of a virgin mother! He took the pain of the suffering
humanity and led them in the path of spirituality. That is what
the world needs.
Shri Narasimha Saraswati, about three centuries before the advent
of Swami Samarth is believed to be the earlier incarnation of Shri
Dattatreya. The 'Guru Charitra' one of the most famous books gives
lot of information about Him. As per the most popular belief, Shri
Narasimha Swami, after helping and spiritually uplifting a large
number of people over a few decades, went away to the Himalayas
for penance and went into Samadhi. In the Samadhi
state He remained for about three hundred years. With the passage
of time a huge anthill grew over him and he was lost to the outside
world. One day accidentally a woodcutter’s axe fell on the bushes
grown around the ant hill. He was shocked to find blood stains on
the blade of the axe. He cleared the anthill and Lo, he found a
Yogi in meditation. The Yogi slowly opened his eyes and consoled
the dumbfounded woodcutter saying that it was the Divine Will for
Him to re-appear in the world to resume His mission. This Yogi,
in his new role came to be known as Swami Samarth.
Prior to his settlement at Akkalkot, Swami Samarth visited far and
wide. While moving in the Himalayan region he visited China. Thereafter,
he visited places like Puri, Benaras, Hardwar, Girnar, Kathiawad
and Rameswaram in the South. He also stayed at Mangalvedha, a town
near Pandharpur in Solapur district Maharashtra, which had been
inhabited earlier by famous saints like Domojipant and Chokhamela.
He came to Akkalkot in 1856 where he continued his physical existence
for 22 years. He came to Akkalkot on the invitation of one Chintopant
Tol and stayed at a place on the outskirts of the town.
What we call miracles are the normal ways of functioning of the
God realized ones. The Risaldar of that area, a Muslim person, wanted
to test the Swami by offering him a 'Chilum' (an earthen
smoking pipe) without tobacco in it and asked him to smoke. Swami
Samarth started smoking the empty Chilum after lighting it
as if nothing had happened. Realizing him to be an advanced spiritual
person, the Risaldar apologized and made arrangements for his stay
in the house of one Cholappa. It is in this small house that Swami
Samarth lived up to his last.
Soon, the name of Swami Samarth as a Spiritual Master spread all
around and devotees came for taking his blessings. The ordinary
people did not understand many of his gestures and mystic statements,
which he used to make cryptically, although their meanings became
apparent on later dates.
He treated Muslims, Christians and Parsees all alike. His Kindness
was always bestowed on the poor, needy and the people at the lowest
rung of the society. Both Hindus and Muslim festivals like Dussehra
and Moharram etc. used to be celebrated by Him. As in Shirdi, Thursday
became a special day of celebration at Akkalkot. Like Shirdi Sai
Baba, Swami Samarth of Akkalkot was fond of mass feeding. Once,
on his visit to a place called Rampur, a devotee named Rawaji, to
celebrate his visit, cooked food for 50 people. However, hearing
the news of Swami Samarth's arrival hundreds of people from the
neighbouring villages started rushing to the village. Seeing such
a large number of people at his doorstep Rawaji became visibly panicky.
Moved by his plight, Swami Samarth asked Rawaji to get some empty
baskets. When the baskets were brought from the market, idols of
all the deities like Khandoba, Annapurna, etc were put in them and
food materials like chapatis (bread) etc. were piled over
them. Bawaji and his wife were asked to carry these baskets and
take three rounds around the Tulsi plant. After that, they
were asked to serve food from these baskets to the guest without
looking into them. When food were being served, Rawaji and his wife
were amazed to see that the baskets never exhausted even after a
few hundred people had been served. After all the people who had
come finished their meal, Swami Samarth took his meal. This is known
as 'Annapurna Siddhi'.
Swami Samarth had the capacity to read the minds of all the people
coming to him and also was able to know about their past and future.
Baba Saheb Jadhav, one of his great devotees one day came to meet
the Master. Seeing him suddenly Swami Samarth said "Oh Potter! There
is a summon coming in your name”. The potter being in the close
circle of Swami Samarth understood the meaning of this sentence
and begged of the Swami to save him from the approaching death so
that he could continue to serve him (the Master). Moved by his devotion
Swami Samarth looked-up towards the sky and muttered something as
if he was addressing to someone who was invisible. Suddenly, he
pointed his hand towards a bull passing nearby and said in a loud
voice "go to the bull". In the presence of a large number of devotees,
the bull instantly fell dead. Jadhav, with a fresh lease of life,
devoted himself totally to the service of Swami Samarth thereafter.
Similarly, A European engineer from Solapur visited the Swami with
the earnest hope of having a son. As he approached Swami Samarth,
the latter just looked at him and told that he would have a son
within a year. That is what exactly happened.
The Sadgurus or the Spiritual Masters always endeavors to change
the quality of men that encounter them. Besides bestowing material
benefit, they try to uplift them spiritually. Once a Jewish doctor,
who was working as an eye specialist in the J.J. Hospital, Bombay
met Swami Samarth. The doctor was very proud of his professional
competence. Seeing him Swami Samarth asked "tell me doctor, how
many of the eye patients you have treated have lost their eye sights
for ever"'. This sentence made a tremendous impact on the doctor.
He realized that many people had lost their sights forever even
if they had been treated by him. His ego immediately vanished and
thereafter he became a devotee of Swami Samarth. After retirement
the doctor settled-down at Akkalkot and served the Master till his
It is said that a touchstone can convert an ordinary metal to gold.
The Spiritual Masters are such touchstones that they can convert
any ordinary metal not to that of gold but to that of a touchstone.
They are capable of giving spiritual life to any person in a fraction
of a second by a touch, a look, a word or even by a mere thought.
A person like Ramanand Bidkar who had lived an immoral life for
a long period was converted to a Saint called Bidkar Maharaj by
the kind grace of Swami Samarath, who by one grace i.e. Drishti
Diksha evolved him spiritually. Under his guidance Sri Balappa
Maharaj, Shri Gangadhar Maharaj, Sri Gajanan Maharaj and many others
rose to spiritual eminence and contributed a lot to the society.
After serving the poor, curing the sick and helping the spiritual
seekers over a few decades, Swami Samarth one day suddenly announced
that the time had come for him to go out of his physical existence.
By Hindu calendar It was Chaitra Sudha trayodasi, Shaka 1800
i.e. the year 1878 AD Tuesday at 4 PM. At this time he seated himself
in Padmasana (Lotus Posture) and uttered his last words -
"no one should weep I shall always be present at all places and
I shall respond to every call of the devotees"". Shri Sai Baba of
Shirdi had also said exactly the same thing before his Mahasamadhi.
Just before he had left his gross body, one devotee named Keshav
Nayak who was emotionally charged, asked "Maharaj, since you are
going, who will give us protection?". Swami Samarth gave him a pair
of his sandals to worship. He told him "in future I will be staying
at Shirdi in district Ahmednagar". Another devotee, Krishna Ali
Bagkar decided to go to Akkalkot and worship the padukas of
Swami Samarth. Thereafter he got a dream appearance of Swami Samarth
who told him "now I am staying at Shirdi, go there and worship me".
Bagkar went to Shirdi where he stayed for six months. Later, when
he wanted to take leave of Shri Sai and go to Akkalkot again Shri
Sai told him "what is there in Akkalkot, Maharaj of Akkalkot is
staying here". Bagkar realized that there is no difference between
Swami Samarth and Shri Sai Baba of Shirdi as he recalled his earlier
The divine game (leela) of Swami Samarth did not end with
his Maha Samadhi (shedding his mortal coil). His devotees
continue to experience the miracles of his visible and invisible
help even till today. It is exactly like the experience received
by the devotees of Sai Baba of Shirdi after his Mahasamadhi
in 1918. Many people have authenticated his appearance in physical
form before them. These people are not the faith-blind rural folk.
Many of them are well educated people like doctors, educationists
etc. For example, Dr. S.V.Marathe, a private medical practitioner
of Pune once underwent treatment in a chest Hospital at a place
called Aundh in 1964. Many of his friends were anxious to come and
visit him. At this juncture, Swami Samarth appeared before many
of his friends in a dream and gave the same message to all of them.
He asked them not to worry about Dr.Marathe, as he was under His
(Swami Samarth's) protection and also not to come to Aundh.
Hundreds of devotees continue to have miraculous experience about
the Perfect Master even today. But his miracles and those of Shri
Sainath are so alike that one would be drawn to the conclusion that
they are not two masters but are one, and the ONLY ONE TRUTH.